Optimal cost-sharing programs to reduce agricultural pollution

in Washington, DC : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Herndon, VA : ERS-NASS, distributor

Written in English
Published: Pages: 18 Downloads: 103
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Subjects:

  • Agricultural pollution -- Government policy -- United States,
  • Agricultural subsidies -- United States,
  • Agriculture -- Economic aspects -- United States

Edition Notes

Other titlesOptimal cost sharing programs to reduce agricultural pollution
StatementArun S. Malik and Robbin A. Shoemaker
SeriesTechnical bulletin -- no. 1820, Technical bulletin (United States. Dept. of Agriculture) -- no. 1820
ContributionsShoemaker, Robbin A, United States. Dept. of Agriculture. Economic Research Service
The Physical Object
FormatMicroform
Paginationv, 18 p.
Number of Pages18
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17995578M

  Article I – Agricultural Programs for the Family Farm A. National Food and Fiber Policy A family farm or structured family farm is operated by a family, with the family providing the base of the labor needed for the farming operation, assuming the economic risk, . ECONOMIC HEALTH OF THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR In the early 20th century, families operated most farms using local resources and labor. The farmers recycled organic material, and used rainfall and built- in biological controls. Farms had both livestock and cropland. Farmers safeguarded production through rotating crops in space and time to reduce risk. Main findings. The United States, the world's largest agricultural producer, is on the verge of enacting comprehensive new farm legislation. In the process to developing a new farm bill, both houses of the US Congress are seeking to perpetuate much increased support that was provided through emergency packages since And there is no harmful air pollution- no NOx or SOx. Environmentalists are pessimists. Air pollution will kill us slowly, nuclear power will kill us within a few short days! The half-life of uranium (the amount of time it takes for one half of uranium to decay is billion years! It would take 10 half lives for uranium to decay to a safe level.

A challenge common to Canada, Australia, and the United States is the uneven geographic distribution of the human population. The distribution affects monitoring programs that rely on human observers—for instance, programs that use volunteer birders to record the trends in population size of bird species (Exhibit ). To compensate for. On the other hand, programs designed to force income out of agriculture make private agricultural investment unattractive; this leads to low capital formation, retarded farm production, high real farm-product prices, and a lack of income to transfer to the nonfarm economy. Nonpoint source (NPS) water pollution regulations are environmental regulations that restrict or limit water pollution from diffuse or nonpoint effluent sources such as polluted runoff from agricultural areas in a river catchments or wind-borne debris blowing out to sea. In the United States, governments have taken a number of legal and regulatory approaches to controlling NPS effluent. These articles charge states with the “duty to protect and preserve the environment” and obligate them “to take all measures necessary to prevent, reduce, and control marine pollution and to ensure that activities under their jurisdiction or control do not cause pollution damage to other states or otherwise spread beyond the seas where.

Key Program is another important type in NSFC’s research project series. Its aim is, on the basis of promoting the balanced and sustained disciplinary development, in accordance with the priority areas of NSFC and through the guidance of the Guide, to focus on international frontier areas, integrate innovation resources and foster key breakthroughs. (2) Vegetative cover sufficient to reduce the destructive impact of rainfall on the soil surface. CAP: Commodity Assistance Programs. CAP: Common Agricultural Policy. CAP: Common Agricultural Policy. Cap(ped) (insurance): The 20 percent upward adjustment limit on the actual production history from one year to the next. See Cup(ped) (insurance). Proper development of programs and accounting procedures. An eligible person who requests cost-sharing for a practice or who contributes to the cost of performing a practice. An individual, entity or joint operation that has an interest in a farming operation or produces food and fiber programs, special agricultural districts where. Full text of "Flexible Incentives for the Adoption of Environmental Technologies in Agriculture [electronic resource]" See other formats.

Optimal cost-sharing programs to reduce agricultural pollution Download PDF EPUB FB2

Downloadable. Pollution from agriculture depends on the agricultural practices or technologies farmers use. Policy instruments, such as government cost-sharing programs, can reduce the costs of adopting less-polluting practices.

This report examines the problem of designing economically efficient cost-sbaring programs. Farmers' decisions to adopt less-polluting technologies are based on the. Get this from a library. Optimal cost-sharing programs to reduce agricultural pollution. [Arun S Malik; Robbin Shoemaker; United States.

Department of Agriculture. Economic Research Service.]. "Optimal Cost-Sharing Programs to Reduce Agricultural Pollution," Technical BulletinsUnited States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

Malik, Arun S. & Larson, Bruce A. & Ribaudo, Marc, Improving the cost-effectiveness of agricultural pollution control: The use of performance-based incentives Article in Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 64(3) June with 15 Reads. For example, the Rural Clean Water Program, created in and administered by the Department of Agriculture, recognized the necessity to reduce agricultural nonpoint-source water pollution by.

The difficulties inherent in controlling nonpoint-source pollution (NSP) have led to an interest in the use of flexible incentive mechanisms as a means of reducing agricultural pollution. A framework for analyzing alternative flexible incentive mechanisms is presented in this by: The committee's deliberations were based on three basic concepts of soil and water resource management: (1) the fundamental importance of the soil and of the links between soil quality and water pollution, (2) the importance of preventing rather than mitigating water pollution, and (3) the need to sustain profitable and productive farming systems to provide the food and fiber society demands.

This book chapter addresses six categories of sources of agricultural nonpoint pollution that affect coastal waters (erosion from cropland, confined animal facilities, the application of nutrients to cropland, the application of pesticides to cropland, grazing management and irrigation of cropland), and provides, in addition to other pertinent.

The most common approach to setting water quality goals to combat nutrient-related problems is to select target levels of ambient concentrations in the receiving body, nutrient loadings to the receiving body, or resource stocks (e.g., acres of submerged aquatic vegetation [SAV] or marine populations).

33 O \ National Management Measures for the Control of Nonpoint Pollution from Agriculture &te*^^^^4ih&^4J^e U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Water (T) Pennsylvania Avenue, NW Washington, D.C. EPAB Cover photos: 1-V.

'Urn McCtibc, Natural Resources Conservation Service 4: Lynn Belts, Natural. Progress 01/01/97 to 12/31/97 Outputs As point sources of pollution have reduced their emissions due to legislation such as the Clean Water Act, non-point sources have become relatively more important sources of water pollution.

In the case of agricultural non-point source pollution, one of the key nutrients polluting rivers has been phosphorous. Comprehensive programs would, I believe, have to include nonpoint source controls if we are to prevent, reduce, or eliminate pollution of navigable and ground water.

Section states, "The Administrator shall establish national programs for the prevention, reduction, and elimination of pollution.

Abstract. Between andnitrogen, in the form of (NH 4) 2 SO 4 ( or kg ha −1 year −1), was added to experimental plots of Calluna at a lowland dry heath in the south of England. Background deposition at this site was estimated at between 13–18 kg N ha −1 year −1, with experimental additions therefore taking total deposition slightly above the proposed critical.

Fair river sharing is a kind of a fair division problem in which the waters of a river has to be divided among countries located along the river.

It differs from other fair division problems in that the resource to be divided - the water - flows in one direction - from upstream countries to downstream countries.

quantity of natural resources while sustaining optimal farm and forest productivity and profitability. We encourage new technologies and innovations that will help improve soil health, reduce soil erosion, improve water and air quality, improve nutrient management and conserve and.

Programs emanating from the National Energy Policy Act have the potential to reduce greenhouse gases significantly, improve air quality, and minimize wastes. In the Clinton administration ensured increased federal funding for energy programs that sustain and improve the environment, while stimulating jobs and the economy.

An Empirical Analysis of the Relative Efficiency of Policy Instruments to Reduce Nitrate Water Pollution in the U.S. Southern High Plains. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Vol.

43, Issue. 3, p. Cited by:   The profitability and environmental performance of agribusiness firms is greatly influenced by public policies, including trade, agricultural, environmental, land use and food policies.

Economic analysis is needed to assist policy makers in designing, implementing, and enforcing such policies and in determining the consequences of alternative public policy design.

Nutrient Pollution: A Wicked Challenge for Economic (and other) Policy Instruments Jim Shortle Agricultural and Environmental Economics Center for Nutrient Pollution Solutions Environment and Natural Resources Institute.

The main goal of LWMP is to reduce land-based pollution from livestock production of the international water of the South China Seas.

Agricultural land covers overha (% of total land area) of which % is under annual crops,ha or % is under permanent trees, 1, ha (%) is grassland pasture and ha (0. In particular, readjusting the incentive system that can reduce agricultural water use while equitably promoting water conservation, misuse of water and pollution, and unaccounted for water, as discussed in Section 5 of this chapter and considering the specific demographic and economic conditions and water situation in the various states Cited by: 3.

Article I – Agricultural Programs for the Family Farm. A family farm or structured family farm is operated by a family, with the family providing the base of the labor needed for the farming operation, assuming the economic risk, and making the management decisions. Hog farms contribute to environmental pollution of soil and surface waters and to odor problems.

There are many new technologies available to reduce odor and water pollution caused by hog farms. No research has been done to figure out the reduction in odor and pollution combining all the new techniques and what the extra costs would be.

This project examines the most cost effective ways of. Approaches to inducing the adoption of environmental technologies for agriculture range from simply supplying information to mixtures of "carrot" incentives (e.g., subsidies, cost-sharing, certification programs) and "stick" incentives (e.g., taxes, performance requirements, input requirements, environmental liaibility).

AGRICULTURAL POLICY IN PERSPECTIVE. The development of agriculture in South Africa is often viewed solely as the technical advance, in this century particularly, of large-scale commercial farming specialising in crop and animal production according to the prevailing natural resources and climatic conditions, and taking advantage of both abundant low-cost labour and opportunities for.

Below is an Electronic Version of an Out-of-Print Publication You can scroll to view or print this publication here, or you can borrow a paper copy from the Texas State Library, / You can also view a copy at the TCEQ Library, /, or.

sources of pollution Nonpoint source pollution is not subject to WPDES permitting requirements. Instead, the state primarily addresses nonpoint source pollution through incentive programs such as cost-sharing, adaptive management, and water pollution credit Size: KB.

Today there is considerable concern about agricultural pollution in Israel. Yet it is hard to draft a compelling ecological indictment of farmers during the pre-State period.

Efforts were made to combat erosion, [] syn-thetic pesticides were not utilized, [] and fertilizers were limited to citrus orchards in a very limited area. plants. Olson () edited a book by several scientists on the role of created and natural wetlands in controlling NPS pollution, including such topics as designing constructed wetlands to re move nutrients and pesticides from agricultural runoff and reg ulations and policies relating to the use of wetlands.

To reduce the likelihood of such a disaster in the United States, Congress imposed requirements on both states and regulated facilities. Emission Pollution discharged into the atmosphere from smokestacks, other vents, and surface areas of commercial or industrial facilities; from residential chimneys; and from motor vehicle, locomotive, or.

states have access to federal grants and that they can enter into cost-sharing contracts between farmers and the Department of Agriculture (Laitos and Ruckriegle ). Agriculture pollution cannot completely be mitigated by grants and contracts; section of the Clean Water Act creates programs to implement best management practices for states.vii.

Contents Appendix A Public and Private Roles and Investments by Farmer Type and Farming Livelihood Systems Bibliography Boxes Cost-sharing mechanism for product quality improvement in a supply chain under competition International Journal of Production Economics, Vol.

Data analytics in managing aircraft routing and maintenance staffing with price competition by a Stackelberg-Nash game modelCited by: